Cardiff is just below the Wales average in terms of number of workless households. However, 16% of dependent children aged 15 and under are living in households that rely on benefits. In-work poverty is also a growing issue. Over a quarter of children under the age of 20 in the city are living in low-income families. The distribution of children in low-income families across Cardiff at the end of August 2014 can be seen below. It ranges from just 5.2% in Rhiwbina to 47.5% in Ely.

Relative to other major UK cities, Cardiff is a mid-table performer. The percentage of children living in low income households is significantly higher in some of England’s larger cities, such as Birmingham and Manchester.