Cardiff faces some major challenges which are too often hidden by strong performance at a city level. For example, nearly a third of households in Cardiff – that’s over 41,000 homes – are deemed to be living in poverty.

The Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation (WIMD) is the official measure of relative deprivationfor small areas in Wales. It is designed to identify those small areas containing 1,000 to 3,000 people, known as lower super output areas, where there are the highest concentrations of different types of deprivation.

In terms of overall performance in the WIMD, only two other local authorities in Wales have a higher percentage of people who are amongst the 10% most deprived in Wales. These issues are explored in more depth in Outcome 7.

Over 60,000 people in Cardiff live in the 10% most deprived areas in Wales.

2 The Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation is the official measure of relative deprivation for small areas in Wales. It is designed to identify those small areas containing 1,000 to 3,000 people, known as local super output areas, where there are the highest concentrations of different types of deprivation.