GCSE performance continues to improve with 62.5% of pupils in Cardiff in 2015/16 achieving at least five A* to C grades, including mathematics and English or Welsh, an increase of 12.6 percentage points over the last four academic years. However, the gap in achievement between those receiving Free School Meals (FSM) and non-FSM pupils remains.

The significant impact of poverty on educational outcomes is highlighted later in this report under the Fair, Just and Inclusive Outcome.