Life expectancy has steadily increased over the last twenty years. Women in Cardiff are living longer on average than those in most major British cities, although male life expectancy does not compare quite as well.

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Increasing life expectancy at the city level hides a growing gap between both the life expectancy and healthy life expectancy7 of the most and least deprived people in the city. Men living in the least deprived communities can expect to live on average 11 years longer than those who live in the most deprived areas, while the gap is 9 years for women. However, when looking at healthy life expectancy, the difference more than doubles to 24 years for men and 22 years for women. This is the greatest gap of all local authorities in Wales.

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7Healthy Life Expectancy: Average number of years that a person can expect to live in “full health” by taking into account years lived in less than full health due to disease and/or injury (WHO)