Food poverty means not being able to afford or access food for a healthy diet. It is not just about quantity, it is also about having physical access to shops that sell healthy foods and the social issues which affect which foods are eaten. Poor diet can lead to chronic conditions such as heart disease, obesity and diabetes. The impacts of poor diet on health are looked at in more detail in Outcome 4.
This is an issue that will need to be explored further in Cardiff but it is known that unhealthy diets tend to be linked to lower income. People with lower qualifications are less likely to eat enough fruit and vegetables; people from disadvantaged backgrounds tend to have poorer cooking facilities and skills.
The response to the 2016 Ask Cardiff Survey also indicated that levels of food poverty are linked to levels of income deprivation and other forms of deprivation across the city:
- 8.2% of people in ‘City and Cardiff South’ and 7.5% of people in Cardiff South East reported having missed a meal in the previous fortnight because of lack of money compared to only 3.3% of people in more affluent Cardiff North.
- 19.7% (nearly in 1 in 5) in Cardiff East reported that money worries had stopped them inviting their friends or their children’s friends for a meal once a month compared to 8.4% in Cardiff North.